The department started in 1999 with a lone consultant, Dr L. Venkatakrishnan, who is the Head of the Department at present. The faculty strength increased to two when Dr J. Krishnaveni joined in the year 2002. Now it has four consultants. At the time of its inception, it had a full endoscopy unit and two technicians. At present, the endoscopy unit is manned by six technicians and three staff nurses. Over the years, the endoscopic facilities, including those for treatment of liver-related disorders, have been improved upon.
Upper Gastro Intestinal (UGI) endoscopy is a procedure that enables the doctor to examine the interior lining of the oesophagus and the stomach. UGI endoscopy is used to treat peptic ulcer bleed and other sources of bleeding from the stomach, avoiding the necessity for open surgery. It also has a role in treatment of pancreatic disease apart from common bile duct stone removal and treatment of bile duct injuries (ERCP). Enteroscopy, a procedure which helps doctors identify and treat lesions in the small intestine is also performed. Diseases of the large intestine are diagnosed and treated with the help of colonoscopy. All these procedures are routinely done in the department.
The department started a motility lab for oesophageal and anorectal disorders in 2008. It makes use of the advanced training received by faculty at prestigious centres like the University of Brussels, the University of Copenhagen, and the University of Paris through fellowships. This department, which excels in comprehensive management of acute liver failure, also started a super-speciality course (DM Gastroenterology) in 2009.
Regular clinical research is done along with the molecular medicine department and papers are published in international journals.Recently three hepatobiliary and liver transplant surgeons have joined the institution and liver transplants have been started.
The Endoscopy services function on all weekday and includes a 24×7 emergency services.
Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: (Diagnostic & Therapeutic):
This is putting in a tiny camera on a tube (small finger size tube) through the mouth. This can diagnose and find out what the problem is. Some conditions that can be treated using the endoscope include:
This is putting in a tiny camera on a tube (small finger size tube) through the anus – lower part of the gut.
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP). This is done by a side viewing scope through the mouth and then dye is injected into the bile duct or pancreatic duct.